Fixed braces

If you have crooked teeth and / or irregular bite, there are different types of orthodontic appliances that can help you correct it.


First exam

Before starting the therapy, Dr. Ana Parčina will ask you about your health, conduct a physical examination, take your dental impression, photograph your face and teeth, and order an orthodontic x-ray and craniogram. Based on the analysis of the collected data, an appropriate treatment plan is drawn up.

Fiksni aparatic za zube


How do fixed braces work?

The braces operate by applying continuous force over a period of time in order to move the teeth slowly in a certain direction. As the teeth move, the bone changes shape.


The braces consist of the following components:

Brackets are small squares that are glued directly to the front of each tooth with special orthodontic adhesives. The brackets behave like handles, holding wires that pull or push the teeth. There are several types of brackets – metal, ceramic or plastic, available in the color of the tooth, which are often selected because they’re less obvious. Brackets can be mounted to the back of teeth to conceal them.

Orthodontic bands are made of stainless steel, clear or tooth-colored that are cemented to the teeth with dental bonding agent. They wrap around each tooth to provide an anchor for the brackets. Transparent or tooth-colored bands are aesthetically appealing options but are more expensive than stainless steel. They are not used in all patients.

Spacers are separators that fit between teeth to create a small space prior to placement of orthodontic bands.

Arch wires attach to the brackets and act as tracks to guide the movement of the teeth. Arch wires can be made of metal or be clear or tooth-colored.

Ties are small rubber rings or fine wires that fasten the arch wire to the brackets. They can be clear, metal, or colored.

Elastic or rubber strips are attached to the hooks on the brackets and are worn between the upper and lower teeth in various ways. Pressure moves the upper teeth towards the lower teeth to achieve perfect fit of individual teeth.

Facebow headgear headgear is an orthodontic appliance used to move the upper molars back in the mouth to correct bite discrepancies and create room for other teeth. It consists of an inner metal part shaped like a horseshoe that goes in the mouth, attaching to buccal tubes, and an outer part that goes around the outside of the face and is connected to a headgear strap.

Newer “mini-braces” are much smaller than traditional braces, and may be an option for some. There is another method of straightening teeth that uses removable plastic retainers that can be used when the teeth are not too crowded. Our orthodontic specialist will guide you through different options of teeth correction based on your situation.


How long do I have to wear braces?

The time to wear braces varies from person to person, depending on the severity of the problem, the available space in the mouth, the distance of the teeth, the teeth, bum and support bone health, and how carefully the patient follows the instructions. On average, after the braces are set up, it usually takes from one to three years. After removing the braces, most patients will have to wear a retainer all the time for the first two to six months, then only at night.


How often will I need to visit the orthodontist during my treatment?

Dr. Parčina will perform checkups every 4 to 8 weeks to make sure the braces have constant pressure on the teeth.


Is fixed braces treatment painful?

Some of the adjustments Dr. Parčina can make on your braces can cause pain or discomfort. If necessary, you can take painkillers. If you feel a strong pain after adjusting the braces, please contact us.


Does age affect success of the treatment?

The mechanical procedure used for moving the tooth by fixed braces is the same at any age. Therefore, the benefits of orthodontic treatments are available to children and adults who want to improve their appearance and bite. The main differences between treatment in adults and children are that certain corrections in adults may require more than the fixed braces itself, and treatment may take longer since adult bones no longer grow.